Why SFS

Our Team

Back to All Staff
01020304050607080910
Mark Bowler

Mark Bowler, Ph.D.

Location

Peru

Education

Ph.D. in Biodiversity Management
Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE), University of Kent (Canterbury, UK)

Bsc. in Zoology
University of Nottingham (Nottingham, UK)

Teaching

SFS 3800 Conservation Science and Practice
(The School for Field Studies)

SFS 4910 Directed Research
(The School for Field Studies)

Back to All Staff

Mark Bowler, Ph.D.

Resident Lecturer in Conservation Science

About

Areas of Expertise


  • Primatology
  • Wildlife surveying
  • Community conservation
  • Bushmeat

Professional Activities


  • Research Associate, Institute for Conservation Research, San Diego Zoo Global

Faculty Profile


Mark Bowler’s research has a broad base in conservation biology, currently focusing on human impacts on mammal populations and distributions in the Amazon region, and on primate ecology and behavior. Recent projects include camera trapping in rainforest canopies to monitor arboreal wildlife populations, remote audio monitoring, and monitoring the effects of logging and hunting on wildlife populations. Mark also works on community conservation projects on the Yavari and Napo Rivers, finding alternative incomes to logging and reducing hunting of vulnerable species.

Originally from the UK, Mark earned his doctorate through the Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology in England, with a focus on the behavioral ecology of the red uakari monkey. Subsequently, he conducted a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, researching self-medication in capuchin monkeys, social learning, and public engagement with science. Prior to joining the SFS Mark worked in Peru for San Diego Zoo Global as the Clark Endowed Postdoctoral Fellow in Population Sustainability.

Academics

Publications

Morales, E.A., Mayor, P., Bowler, M., Aysanoa, E., Pérez-Velez, E.S., Pérez, J., Ventocilla, J.A., Baldeviano, G.C. and Lescano, A.G., 2017. Prevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi and Other Trypanosomatids in Frequently-Hunted Wild Mammals from the Peruvian Amazon. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Early View. DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.17-0028
Mayor, P., El Bizri, H., Bodmer, R.E. & Bowler, M. 2017. Assessment of mammal reproduction for hunting sustainability through community‐based sampling of species in the wild. Conservation Biology. Early View. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12870
Bowler, M., Anderson, M., Endress, B., Gilmore, M. & Tobler, M. 2016. Estimating mammalian species richness and habitat occupancy in tropical forest canopies with arboreal camera traps. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation. Early View. DOI: 10.1002/rse2.35
Corso, J., Bowler, M., Roos, C., Heyman, E., & Mundy, N. 2016. Highly polymorphic colour vision in a New World monkey with red facial skin, the bald uakari (Cacajao calvus). Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 83 (1828), 20160067
Bowler, M., Messer, E.J.E., Claidiere, N., & Whiten, A. 2015. Mutual medication in capuchin monkeys – Social anointing improves coverage of topically applied anti-parasite medicines. Scientific Reports. 5, 15030
Mayor, P., Mamani, J., Montes, D., González-Crespo, C., Sebastián, M. A., & Bowler, M. 2015. Proximate causes of the red face of the bald uakari monkey (Cacajao calvus). Royal Society Open Science, 2(7), 150145
Mayor, P., P. Pérez-Peña, M. Bowler, P. E. Puertas, M. Kirkland and R. Bodmer. 2015. Effects of selective logging on large mammal populations in a remote indigenous territory in the northern Peruvian Amazon. Ecology and Society. 20 (4), 36.
Recharte, M., Bride, I.G. & Bowler M. 2015. A recovering flagship: giant otters, communities and tourism in northern Peru. Wildlife Research, 41(6), 490-498.
Mayor, P. & Bowler, M. 2015. Low birthrates and high levels of female reproductive inactivity may characterize the reproductive biology of wild Peruvian red uakaris (Cacajao calvus ucayalii). Journal of Medical Primatology, 44(1), 27-34.
Boyle, S. A., Thompson, C. L., Deluycker, A., Alvarez, S. J., Alvim, T. H., Aquino, R., Boubli, J. P., Bowler, M. et al. 2015. Geographic comparison of plant genera used in frugivory among the pitheciids Cacajao, Callicebus, Chiropotes, and Pithecia. American Journal of Primatology. 78(5), 493–506.
Gregory, T., & Bowler, M. 2015. Male‐male affiliation and cooperation characterize the social behavior of the large‐bodied pitheciids, Chiropotes and Cacajao: A review. American Journal of Primatology. 78(5), 550–560.
Conga, D.F., Giese, E.G., Serra-Freire, N. M., Bowler, M. & Mayor, P. 2015. Morphology of the oxyurid nematodes Trypanoxyuris (T.) cacajao n. sp and T.(T.) ucayalii n. sp. from the red uakari monkey Cacajao calvus ucayalii in the Peruvian Amazon. Journal of Helminthology. 90(04), 483-493.
Bowler, M., Anderson, M., Montes, D., Perez, P., & Mayor, P. 2014. Refining reproductive parameters for modelling sustainability and extinction in hunted primate populations in the Amazon. PloS one, 9(4), e93625.
Claidière, N., Bowler, M., Brookes, S., Brown, R., & Whiten, A. 2014. Frequency of behavior witnessed and conformity in an everyday social context. PloS one, 9(6), e99874.
Conga, D.F., Bowler, M., Tantalean, M., Montes, D., Serra-Freire, N. M., & Mayor, P. 2014. Intestinal helminths in wild Peruvian red uakari monkeys (Cacajao calvus ucayalii) in the northeastern Peruvian Amazon. Journal of medical primatology, 43(2), 130-133.
Mayor, P., Bowler, M. & López‐Plana, C. 2013. Functional morphology of the female genital organs in the Peruvian red uakari monkey (Cacajao calvus ucayalii). American Journal of Primatology 75(6), 545–554.
Mayor, P., Bowler, M. & López‐Plana C. 2013. Ovarian functionality in Poeppig’s woolly monkey (Lagothrix poeppigii). Animal Reproduction Science. 136, 310-316.
Bowler, M., Buchanan-Smith, H. & Whiten, A. 2012. Assessing public engagement activities in a primate research centre. PLoS ONE. 7(4), e34505.
Mayor, P., Bowler M., López‐Plana C. 2012. Anatomicohistological characteristics of the tubular genital organs of the female woolly monkey (Lagothrix poeppigii). American Journal of Primatology. 74, 1006-1016.
Bowler, M. Knogge, C., Heymann, E.W. & Zinner, D. 2012. Multilevel societies in New World primates? Flexibility may characterise the organisation of Peruvian red uakaris Cacajao calvus ucayalii. International Journal of Primatology. 33(5):1110-1124.
Barnett, A.A., Boyle, S.A., Norconk, M.M., Bowler, M., Chism, J., Di Fiore, A. et al. 2012. Terrestrial activity in pitheciines (Cacajao, Chiropotes and Pithecia). American Journal of Primatology. 74(12), 1106-1127.
Claidière, N., Bowler, M., Whiten, A. 2012. Evidence for weak or linear conformity but not for hyper-conformity in an everyday social learning context. PLoS ONE 7(2), e30970.
Bowler, M. & Bodmer, R.E. 2011. Diet and food choice in Peruvian red uakaris (Cacajao calvus ucayalii): selective or opportunistic seed predation? International Journal of Primatology. 32, 1109-1120.
Recharte, M., Bowler, M. & Bodmer, R. 2009. Potential conflict between fishermen and giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) populations by fishermen in response to declining stocks of arowana fish (Osteoglossum bicirrhosum) in Northeastern Peru. IUCN Otter Spec. Group Bull. 25(2), 89-93.
Bowler, M. & Bodmer, R. 2009. Social behaviour in fission-fusion groups of red uakari monkeys (Cacajao calvus ucayalii). American Journal of Primatology. 71, 976-987.
Bowler, M., Noriega, J., Recharte, M., Puertas, P.E. & Bodmer, R.E. 2008. Peruvian red uakari monkeys (Cacajao Calvus Ucayalii) in the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve - a range extension across a major river barrier. Neotropical Primates 16, 34-37.

Book Chapters

Bowler, M. 2016. Cacajao calvus novaesi - Novaes' Bald-headed Uacari. In: Rowe, N. and Myers, M., eds. All the World’s Primates. New York: Pogonias Press.
Bowler, M. 2016. Cacajao calvus rubicundus - Red Bald-headed Uacari. In: Rowe, N. and Myers, M., eds. All the World’s Primates. New York: Pogonias Press.
Bowler, M., Valsecchi, J., Queiroz, H.L., Bodmer, R. and Puertas, P. 2013. Communities and uacaris: conservation initiatives in Brazil and Peru. Pages 359-367 in Evolutionary Biology and Conservation of Titis, Sakis and Uacaris. L. Veiga, A. Barnett, S. Ferrari and M. Norconk, editors. Cambridge University Press, UK.
Bowler, M., Barton, C., McCann-Wood, S., Puertas, P. and Bodmer, R. 2013. Annual variation in breeding success and changes in population density of Cacajao calvus ucayalii in the Lago Preto Conservation Concession, Peru. Pages 173-178 in Evolutionary Biology and Conservation of Titis, Sakis and Uacaris. L. Veiga, A. Barnett, S. Ferrari and M. Norconk, editors. Cambridge University Press, UK.
Barnett, A.A., Bowler M., Bezerra B.M. and Defler T.R.. 2013. Ecology and behavior of uacaris (genus Cacajao). Pages 151-172 in Evolutionary Biology and Conservation of Titis, Sakis and Uacaris. L. Veiga, A. Barnett, S. Ferrari and M. Norconk, editors. Cambridge University Press, UK.
Pinto, L.P., Barnett, A.A., Bezerra, B.M., Boubli, J-P., Bowler, M., Cardoso, N., Caselli, C., Rodriguez, M.J.O., Santos, R.R., Setz, E.Z. & Veiga, L.M. 2013. Why we know so little: the challenges of fieldwork on the pithciines. Pages 145-150 in Evolutionary Biology and Conservation of Titis, Sakis and Uacaris. L. Veiga, A. Barnett, S. Ferrari and M. Norconk, editors. Cambridge University Press, UK.
Setz, E.Z.F., Pinto, L.P., Bowler M., Barnett, A.A., Vié, J-C., Boubli, J-P. and Norconk, M.A. 2013. Pitheciins: use of time and space. Pages 72-83 in Evolutionary Biology and Conservation of Titis, Sakis and Uacaris. L. Veiga, A. Barnett, S. Ferrari and M. Norconk, editors. Cambridge University Press, UK.

Presentations

Bowler, M., Anderson, M., Endress, B., Gilmore, M. & Tobler, M. 2016. Arboreal camera trapping and occupancy modelling for canopy primates in the Peruvian Amazon. 26th Congress of the International Primatological Society. Chicago, USA.
Bowler, M., Corso, J., Heymann, E.W., Roos, C., Mayor, P., Casari, O., Bernárdez, F. & Mundy, N. 2016 Highly polymorphic colour vision and the evolution of the red skin in the bald uakari (Cacajao calvus). 26th Congress of the International Primatological Society. Chicago, USA.
Noriega, T., Lavajos, L., Gilmore, M. & Bowler, M. Diversity and abundance of primates on the Rio Sucusari, Peru. (translation). 2016. XII International Congress of Wildlife Management in the Amazon and Latin America. Quito, Ecuador.
Perez-Peña, P.E., Mayor, P., Riveros, M.S., Bowler, M., Antunez, M., Ruck, L. & Bodmer, R.E. 2015. Impact of anthropogenic factors on the abundance of primates in the northeastern Peruvian Amazon. (translation). III Simposio de Primatología en el Perú. Puerto Maldonado, Perú.
Bowler, M., Anderson, M., Endress, B., Gilmore, M. & Tobler, M. 2015. Canopy camera trapping within an occupancy framework to monitor arboreal wildlife in the Peruvian Amazon. BIOCON Peru: Biodiversity and Conservation of the Tropical Andes and the Amazon Rainforest. Lima, Peru.
Recharte, M. & Bowler, M. 2014. Using streams more than lakes? - Abundance and habitat preferences of the giant otter in the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, Peru. XII IUCN OSG International Otter Congress. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro.
Gregory, T. & Bowler, M. 2013 Bands of Brothers? Comparative social behavior in the large-bodied pitheciines: Cacajao and Chiropotes 36th meeting of the American Society of Primatologists. Puerto Rico.
Bowler, M. & N. Claidière. 2012. Temporal variation in party size in Peruvian red uakari monkeys. In: The Socio-ecology of fission-fusion dynamics: Roots, current revival and prospects. XXIV Congress of the International Primatological Society, Mexico.
Bowler, M., Buchanan-Smith H. & Whiten, A. 2010. Explaining cognitive research to a varied audience. Primate Society of Great Britain Spring Meeting. Primate Eye.
Bowler, M., Buchanan-Smith H. & Whiten, A. 2010. Science communication in a primate research centre. Primate Society of Great Britain workshop, Edinburgh Zoo, UK.
Norconk M.A., L.M. Veiga, A.A. Barnett & M. Bowler. 2008. Dispersal patterns in pitheciines: Preliminary views and predictions. XXII Congress of the International Primatological Society, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Bowler, M., Queiroz, H., Bodmer, R.E. & Puertas, P.E. 2006. Uakaris for real: conservation initiatives in Peru and Brazil. Int. J. Primatol. 27 (Suppl 1). XXI Congress of the International Primatological Society, Uganda.
Barnett, A.A., E.Z. Setz, L.P. Pinto, A. Di Fiore, J. Vié & E. Fernandez-Duque & M. Bowler. 2006. Picky, Picky: The Bases for Diet Choice in Pitheciins. Int. J. Primatol. 27 (Suppl 1). XXI Congress of the International Primatological Society, Uganda.
Setz, E.Z., L.P. Pinto & M. Bowler. 2006. Pitheciines: Comparing use of time and space. Int. J. Primatol. 27 (Suppl 1). XXI Congress of the International Primatological Society, Uganda.
Veiga, L., M. Bowler, E.P. Cunningham, A. Di Fiore & E. Fernandez-Duque. 2006. Variability in Pithecine social organization. Int. J. Primatol. 27 (Suppl 1). XXI Congress of the International Primatological Society, Uganda.
Bowler, M. Ecology and conservation of the red uakari monkey (Cacajao calvus ucayalii) (translation). 2004. VI Congreso Internacional sobre Manejo de Fauna Silvestre en la Amazonia y Latinoamérica. Iquitos, Perú.
[POSTER]: León, J.J., Briceño, F., Castro, J., Moreno, D., O’Connor, C. & Bowler, M. 2015. Patterns of aggression in red-faced uakari monkeys (Cacajao calvus ucayalii): male-male coalitions. III Simposio de Primatología en el Perú, 20-23 Oct. Puerto Maldonado, Perú.
[POSTER]: Moreno, D., Briceño, F., Castro, J., León, J.J., O’Connor, C. & Bowler, M. 2015. Social grooming behavior in red uakari monkeys (Cacajao calvus ucayalii) on the Yavari river, Peru. III Simposio de Primatología en el Perú, 20-23 Oct. Puerto Maldonado, Perú.
[POSTER]: Castro, J., Briceño, F., León, J., Moreno, D., O’Connor, C. & Bowler, M. 2015. Spatial positioning and tolerance of mating in wild red uakari monkeys (Cacajao calvus ucayalii), in Peru. (translation). III Simposio de Primatología en el Perú, 20 - 23 Oct. Puerto Maldonado, Perú.
[POSTER]: Mere, C., Bowler, M., Freeman, E. & Gilmore, M. 2015. Comparing traditional ecological knowledge and scientific data on primates in Sucusari, Perú. BIOCON Peru: Biodiversity and Conservation of the Tropical Andes and the Amazon Rainforest. October 15 - 18. Lima, Peru.
[POSTER]: Bowler, M. & Recharte, M. 2014. Marine otters (Lontra felina); ecology, threats and tourism in Paracas National Reserve, Peru. XII IUCN OSG International Otter Congress. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro.
[POSTER]: Montes, D., Sebastián, M., Sperrer, G., Guerra, G., Rosas, L., Bowler, M. & Mayor, P. 2013. Hematological parameters in semi-free ranging red uakari monkeys (Cacajao calvus ucayalii) in rescue centers in Iquitos, Peru II Simposio de Primatología en el Perú. Iquitos Peru.
[POSTER]: Sperrer, G., Montes, D., Mayor, P. & Bowler, M. 2013. Birth of a red uakari monkey (Cacajao calvus) in the Pilpintuwasi Rescue Center, Iquitos, Peru. II Simposio de Primatología en el Perú. Iquitos Peru.
[POSTER]: Mayor, P., Mamani, J., Bowler, M., Sebastián, M. & Montes, D. 2013. The histomorphological features that contribute to the red facial skin of the bald uakari monkey (Cacajao calvus ucayalii) II Simposio de Primatología en el Perú. Iquitos Peru.
[POSTER]: Rosas, L., Montes, D., Hermoza, C., Sebastián, M., Bowler, M. & Mayor, P. 2013. Hematological parameters for red uakari monkeys (Cacajao calvus) in captivity in the Huachipa Zoological Park, Lima, Peru. II Simposio de Primatología en el Perú. Iquitos Peru.
[POSTER]: Montes, D., Rosas, L., Hermoza, C., Bérmudez, L., Mayor, P. & Bowler, M. 2013. Veterinary management activity for captive groups of red uakari monkeys (Cacajao calvus) in Huachipa Zoological Park, Lima, Peru II Simposio de Primatología en el Perú. Iquitos Peru.
[POSTER]: Mayor, P., Montes D., García, P., Antúnez, M., Pérez-Peña, P.E. & Bowler, M. 2011. The possible role of non-human primates as reservoirs for zoonosis caused by arboviruses in the Peruvian Amazon (translation). Primatology in Peru: History, Current State and Perspectives, Lima, Peru.
[POSTER]: Conga, D., Mayor, P. & Bowler, M. 2011. Intestinal helminths in a population of wild red uakari monkeys (Cacajao calvus) in the northeastern Peruvian Amazon (translation). Primatology in Peru: History, Current State and Perspectives, Lima, Peru.
[POSTER]: Mayor, P., Antúnez, M., P.E. Pérez-Peña, Montes D. & Bowler, M. 2011. The reproductive biology of the woolly monkey (Lagothrix poeppigii) in the northeastern Peruvian Amazon (translation). Primatology in Peru: History, Current State and Perspectives”, Lima, Peru.
[POSTER]: Pérez-Peña, P.E., Bowler, M., Riveros, M., Antúnez, M., Mayor, P. & Montes D. 2011. A preliminary evaluation of the impact of logging concessions on populations of large and medium-bodied primate species in the Yavari-Mirin River Basin, Peru (translation). Primatology in Peru: History, Current State and Perspectives”, Lima, Peru.
[POSTER]: Pérez-Peña, P.E., Antúnez, M., Bowler, M., Riveros, M., Antúnez, M., Montes D. & Mayor, P., 2011. Primate population densities in the Yavari-Mirin River Basin, Peru (translation). Primatology in Peru: History, Current State and Perspectives”, Lima, Peru.
[POSTER]: Montes D., Mayor, P., Bowler, M., Pérez-Peña, P.E. & Antúnez, M. 2011. The frequency of hunting of primates in the native community of Nueva Esperanza, Río Yavarí, Loreto. Primatology in Peru: History, Current State and Perspectives”, Lima, Peru.