Pollution & Waste Management

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Pollution & Waste Management

Countries renowned for their natural beauty and biodiverse landscapes often face the challenge of developing economically in a way that sustains those resources. SFS Centers are located in regions where this challenge is common.

When increased industrial production and involvement in global markets take precedence over sustainable development, pollution and waste issues can quickly mount. Public perceptions and cultural values can also influence programs and policies that encourage waste reduction. Through natural and social science lenses, SFS programs explore sustainable approaches to these challenges.



While viewed from the outside as an idyllic land, Bhutan faces major issues of pollution and waste management. Careless littering, especially of plastic waste, is done by both Bhutanese people and visitors. Waste management is a growing concern as there is no recycling plant established in the country. SFS students develop and present ideas and strategies for waste management at the local level.


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The Costa Rican ‘paradise’ is increasingly threatened by population growth, urban development, and inappropriate waste disposal and inadequate waste management. The result is that solid waste ends up in rivers and in the ocean. Students assess public perception and the environmental impacts of poor waste management, while also implementing sound waste management practices at our Center and our mango and orange farm.


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