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Christian Kiffner

Christian Kiffner, Ph.D.

Location

Tanzania

Education

Ph.D. in Forest Sciences
Georg-August University Göttingen (Germany)

M.Sc. in Tropical and International Forestry
Georg-August University Göttingen (Germany)

B.Sc. in Forestry Science and Forest Ecology
Georg-August University Göttingen (Germany)

Teaching

SFS 3710 Techniques of Wildlife Management
(The School for Field Studies)

SFS 3500 Wildlife Management and Conservation
(The School for Field Studies)

SFS 3570 Techniques for Wildlife Field Research
(The School for Field Studies)

SFS 4910/4920 Directed Research
(The School for Field Studies)

Wildlife Management
(Georg-August University Göttingen, Germany)

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Christian Kiffner, Ph.D.

Associate Professor in Techniques of Wildlife Management

About

Professional Activities


  • Ad hoc reviewer for: Acta Oecologica, Advances in Virus Research, Annals of Forest Science, Animal Behavior, African Journal of Ecology, Biodiversity & Conservation, Biological Conservation, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology, Central European Journal of Biology, Current Zoology, Ecological Indicators, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, European Journal of Wildlife Research, Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, International Journal for Parasitology, International Journal of Geo-Information, International Journal of Health Geographics, Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment, Journal of Mammalogy, Journal of Zoology, Mammalian Biology, Oecologia, Parasites & Vectors, PloS ONE, Proceedings Royal Society B, African Journal of Wildlife Research, Tropical Conservation Science

Faculty Profile


Growing up in Germany, I was always fascinated by nature, wild animals and spent many hours of my childhood in the woods. I got infected by the “Africa-bug” as a teenager while traveling to and backpacking in southern Africa. I integrated my passion for Africa, its landscapes, wildlife and people into my undergrad and graduate studies by conducting internships and fieldwork for my Bsc and MSc degrees in sub-Saharan Africa. After having worked with antelopes in Zimbabwe and African lions and spotted hyenas in southern Tanzania, I decided to write my PhD thesis on another fascinating topic: tick parasitism on mammals and tick-borne diseases in Germany. After graduating, I worked as a postdoc at the UC Davis and studied different aspects of wildlife conservation in Tanzania before joining SFS Tanzania in 2011. Here, my research interests include the following interconnected topics: population ecology, behavioral ecology, community ecology, parasitology, and conservation biology. In terms of organisms, I mainly work with mammals ranging in size from rodents, ungulates, large carnivores to African elephants.

Research Interests


The research conducted at SFS field stations is designed to answer key questions related to critical and related social and environmental problems and to provide our hosts with detailed and accurate information for decision making and action. Faculty and student research projects are linked to the Center’s Five-Year Research Plan, which defines an overarching research directive.

Research Projects


In the Tarangire-Manyara ecosystem (TME), we mainly analyze how different wildlife conservation approaches affect behavior, demography, distribution and population trends of large mammal species. In line with this, we analyze the extent and drivers of illegal hunting in the ecosystem; investigate how illegal hunting affects wildlife populations and how livestock and wildlife can co-exist. Because protected areas in the TME cover only a fraction of most wildlife ranges, we are currently developing methods to delineate the most important remaining wildlife corridors in order to focus conservation efforts on these critical linkages. More recently we have started a camera-trap study to assess occupancy and activity patterns of wildlife along a gradient from a protected forest to an agricultural landscape.
In addition, we are assessing the perceived and actual magnitude of human-wildlife conflicts and design studies that help preventing human-wildlife conflicts. For example, we create risk maps of lion depredation and test the effectiveness of different fencing methods to prevent crop raiding by elephants.

Outputs:
Kiffner, C., Hopper, R.* & Kioko, J. (2016) Trends in seasonal population densities of wildlife species in Tarangire National Park, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology, doi: 10.1111/aje.12286

Kioko, J., Kiffner, C., Phillips P.*, Patterson-Abrolat, C., Collinson, W. & Katers, S.* (2015) Driver knowledge and attitudes on animal vehicle collisions in Northern Tanzania. Tropical Conservation Science 8, 352-366.

Kioko J., Kiffner C., Jenkins, N.* & Collinson, W. J. (2015) Wildlife roadkill patterns on a major highway in Northern Tanzania. African Zoology 50(1), 17-22.

Kiffner C., Albertini M.#, Ede A.*, Donnellan B.*, Hahn N.*, McGinnis M.A.*, Nietlisbach N.A.*, Tate J.* & Kioko J. (2015) Performance of individual species as indicators for large mammal species richness in Northern Tanzania. Ecological Indicators 53, 70-77.

Kiffner C., Wenner C.*, LaViolet A.*, Yeh K.* & Kioko J. (2015): From savannah to farmland: effects of land use on mammal communities in the Tarangire-Manyara Ecosystem, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology. 53, 156-166.

Kiffner C., Peters L.*, Strohming A.* & Kioko J. (2015) Bushmeat consumption in the Tarangire-Manyara ecosystem, Tanzania. Tropical Conservation Science 8, 318-332.

Kiffner C., Kioko J., Kissui B., Painter C.*, Serota M.*, White C.* & Yager P.*(2014): Inter-specific variation in large mammal responses to human observers along a conservation gradient with variable hunting pressure. Animal Conservation 17(6): 603–612.

Kioko J., Herbert V.T*., Mweta D., Kiwango Y., Murphy-Williams, M.* & Kiffner C. (2014) Environmental correlates of African elephant (Loxodonta africana) distribution in Manyara area, Tanzania. Annual Research & Review in Biology 5(2): 147-154.

Kioko J., Zink E.*, Sawdy M. * & Kiffner C. (2013): Demography and behavior of African elephants (Loxodonta africana) in the Tarangire-Manyara Ecosystem, Tanzania. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 43, 44-51.

Kiffner, C., Kioko., J., Burggraef, L., Njau, J., Lee, D., Bond, M., Morrison, T. & Kissui, B. (2013) Wildlife conservation in the Tarangire-Manyara Ecosystem. In: The 9th TAWIRI Scientific Conference. Arusha, Tanzania. p. 78.

In East African savannah ecosystems, many ungulate species frequently occur in mixed species groups. In order to assess the costs and benefits and potential consequences of these heterospecific associations, we conduct comparative behavioral studies, simple experiments and computer simulations.

Outputs:
Kiffner, C., Kioko J., Leweri C. & Krause J. (2014): Seasonal patterns of mixed-species groups in large East African mammals. PLoS ONE 9(12): e113446.

Kiffner, C., Kioko, J., Leweri, C., Lorgos, Y. & Krause, S. (2013) Mixed species groups in East African Mammal communities. In: The 9th TAWIRI Scientific Conference. Arusha, Tanzania. p. 26

Ticks and tick-borne diseases are a major concern for livestock production (and thus livelihoods) in East Africa. We aim to understand patterns and determinants of tick-parasitism and eventually the transmission dynamics of tick borne pathogens.

Outputs:
Kioko, J., Baker, J.*, Shannon, A.* & Kiffner, C. (2015) Ethnoecological knowledge of Ticks and treatment of Tick Borne Diseases among Maasai People in Northern Tanzania. Veterinary World 8(6), 755-762.

Warwick B.T., Bak E., Baldassare J., Gregg, E., Martinez, R., Kioko J, Saning’o K. & Kiffner C. (2016) Abundance estimations of ixodid ticks on Boran cattle and Somali sheep in northern Tanzania. International Journal of Acarology, doi:10.1080/01647954.2015.1109708.

 

Academics

Publications

Riggio, J., Caro, T., Dollar, L., Durant, S.M., Jacobson, A.P., Kiffner, C., Pimm, S. & van Aarde, R. (2016) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1521506113.
Warwick B.T.*, Bak E.*, Baldassare J.*, Gregg, E.*, Martinez, R.*, Kioko J, Saning’o K. & Kiffner C. (2016) International Journal of Acarology, doi:10.1080/01647954.2015.1109708.
Kiffner, C., Hopper, R. & Kioko, J. (2016) African Journal of Ecology, doi: 10.1111/aje.12286.
Kiffner C., Peters L.*, Strohming A.* & Kioko J. (2015) Tropical Conservation Science 8, 318-332.
Kioko, J., Kiffner, C., Phillips P.*, Patterson-Abrolat, C., Collinson, W. & Katers, S.* (2015) Tropical Conservation Science 8, 352-366.
Kioko J., Kiffner C., Jenkins, N. *& Collinson, W. J. (2015) African Zoology 50(1), 17-22.
Kioko, J., Smith, D.* & Kiffner, C. (2015) International Journal of Ethnobiology & Ethnomedicine, 1(1), 1-13.
Kioko, J., Baker, J.*, Shannon, A.* & Kiffner, C. (2015) Veterinary World 8(6), 755-762.
Kioko J., Kiffner C., Ndibalema V., Hartnett, E.* & Seefeld, C.* (2015) Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 1, 13-19.
Kiffner C., Albertini M.#, Ede A.*, Donnellan B.*, Hahn N.*, McGinnis M.A.*, Nietlisbach N.A.*, Tate J.* & Kioko J. (2015) Ecological Indicators 53, 70-77.
Kiffner C., Wenner C.*, LaViolet A.*, Yeh K.* & Kioko J. (2015): African Journal of Ecology. 53, 156-166.
Kiffner, C., Kioko J., Leweri C. & Krause J. (2014): PLoS ONE 9(12): e113446.
Kiffner C., Kioko J., Kissui B., Painter C.*, Serota M.*, White C.* & Yager P.*(2014): Animal Conservation 17(6): 603–612.
Kioko J., Herbert V.T*., Mweta D., Kiwango Y., Murphy-Williams, M.* & Kiffner C. (2014) Annual Research & Review in Biology 5(2): 147-154.
Reinecke H., Leinen L., Thißen I., Meißner M., Herzog S., Schütz S. & Kiffner C. (2014): European Journal of Wildlife Research (doi: 10.1007/s10344-013-0772-1).
Viquerat S.#, Kadiri B., Kiffner C. & Waltert M. (2013): Ecotropica 19, 37-44.
Kiffner C., Stanko M., Morand S., Khoklova I.S, Shenbrot I., Laudisoit A., Leirs H., Hawlena H. & Krasnov B. (2013): Oecologia 173, 1009–1022 (doi: 10.1007/s00442-013-2664-1).
Kioko J., Zink E.*, Sawdy M. * & Kiffner C. (2013): South African Journal of Wildlife Research 43, 44-51.
Caro T., Stankowich T., Kiffner C. & Hunter J. (2013): Ethology, Ecology & Evolution 25(2), 144-160 (doi: 10.1080/03949370.2012.744359).
Andimile M.#, Caro T. & Kiffner C. (2013): European Journal of Wildlife Research 59(2), 137-145 (doi:10.1007/s10344-012-0657-8).
Kiffner C., Ndibalema V. & Kioko J. (2013) African Journal of Ecology 51, 168-171 (doi:10.1111/aje.12002).
Kiffner C., Stoner C. & Caro T. (2013): Animal Conservation 16, 97-107 (doi:10.1111/j.1469-1795.2012.00577.x).
Viquerat S., Kadiri B., Müller M., Kiffner C. & Waltert M. (2012): South African Journal of Wildlife Research 42, 1-10.
Mgawe P., Borgerhoff Mulder M., Caro T., Andimile M.# & Kiffner C. (2012): Tropical Conservation Science 5, 446-462.
Kiffner C., Vor T., Hagedorn P., Niedrig M. & Rühe F. (2011): Medical and Veterinary Entomology (doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2915.2011.00961.x).
Achazi K., Ruzek D., Donoso-Mantke O., Schlegel M., Ali H.S., Wenk M., Schmidt-Chanasit J., Ohlmeyer L., Rühe F., Vor T., Kiffner C., Kallies R., Ulrich R. & Niedrig M. (2011) Vector-borne and zoonotic Diseases 11, 641-647 (doi: 10.1089/vbz.2010.0236).
Kiffner C., Lödige C.#, Alings M.*, Vor T. & Rühe F. (2011): Medical and Veterinary Entomology 25, 39-45 (doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2915.2010.00929.x).
Kiffner C., Lödige C.#, Alings M.*, Vor T. & Rühe F. (2011): Experimental and Applied Acarology 53, 79-94 (doi: 10.1007/s10493-010-9378-4).
Kiffner C., Vor T., Hagedorn P, Niedrig M. & Rühe F. (2011): Parasitology Research 108, 323–335 (doi: 10.1007/s00436-010-2065-x).
Kiffner C., Zucchini W., Schomaker P., Vor T., Hagedorn P, Niedrig M. & Rühe F. (2010): International Journal of Health Geographics 9, 42 (doi: 10.1186/1476-072X-9-42).
Kiffner C., Lödige C.#, Alings M.*, Vor T. & Rühe F. (2010): Experimental and Applied Acarology 52, 73-84 (doi: 10.1007/s10493-010-9341-4).
Vor T., Kiffner C., Hagedorn P., Niedrig M. & Rühe F. (2010): Experimental and Applied Acarology 51, 405-417 (doi: 10.1007/s10493-010-9337-0).
Waltert M., Chuwa M. & Kiffner C. (2009): African Journal of Ecology 47, 688-692 (doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2008.01024.x).
Waltert M., Meyer B. & Kiffner C. (2009): African Journal of Ecology 47, 737-746 (doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2009.01080.x).
Kiffner C. (2009): Biology Letters 5(4), 561-562 (doi:10.1098/rsbl.2009.0008).
Kiffner C., Meyer B., Mühlenberg M. & Waltert M. (2009): Oryx 43(1), 52-59 (doi: 10.1017/S0030605307002335).
Kiffner C., Meyer B. Waltert M. & Mühlenberg M. (2008): African Journal of Ecology 46, 223-226 (doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00813.x).
Rühe F., Ksinsik M. & Kiffner C. (2008): Wildlife Biology 14(4), 500-506 (doi: 10.2981/0909-6396-14.4.500).
Reinecke H, Blum L, Thißen I, Meissner M & Kiffner C. (2011) Tagungsband zum 5. Rotwildsymposium, 298-303. [In German]
Kiffner, C. (2008, printed in 2010): Endangered Species UPDATE 25(1), 3-8.
Ulrich R., Schlegel M., Mertens M., Groschup M.H., Schmidt-Chanasit J., Jacob J., Freise J., Pelz H.-J., Wenk M., Thiel J., Triebenbacher C., Schex S., Plenge-Bönig A., Schmolz E., Kurth A., Krüger F., Ansoge H., Rühe F., Kiffner C., Gerwin W., Wegener W., Müller J., Bemman M., Wolf R., Otto L.-F., Oehme R., Pfeffer M., Heckel G. & Essbauer S. (2009): Beiträge zur Jagd- und Wildforschung 34, 229-250. [In German].
Kiffner C. & Waltert M. (2009): The newsletter of the Wildlife Conservation Society of Tanzania (WCST), 34, 1, 3-4, 8.
Kiffner C., Vor T. & Rühe F. (2008): In: Review of Forests, Wood products and Wood Biotechnology of Iran and Germany – Part II (Eds. A.R. Kharazipour, C. Schöpper & C. Müller), 21-32.
Kiffner C. (2002): Wildlife Zimbabwe, 108(2002/2), 8.

Presentations

Kiffner, C., Kioko, J., Leweri, C., Lorgos, Y. & Krause, S. (2013) In: The 9th TAWIRI Scientific Conference. Arusha, Tanzania. p. 26
Kiffner, C., Kioko., J., Burggraef, L., Njau, J., Lee, D., Bond, M., Morrison, T. & Kissui, B. (2013) In: The 9th TAWIRI Scientific Conference. Arusha, Tanzania. p. 78.
Ghoddousi A., Waltert M. & Kiffner C. (2011) In: Scientific Conference on Dryland Ecology, University of Tehran, Iran.
Waltert M., Bobo K.S., Ngalim O.Y., Groschlüter L. & Kiffner C. (2011) Tropentag - Development on the margin, University of Bonn.
Reinecke H., Blum L., Kiffner C., Meissner M. & Thißen I. (2011) In: Tagungsband zum 5. Rotwildsymposium der Deutschen Wildtier Stiftung in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Landesjagdverband Bayern e. V. Der Hirsch und der Wald. Von einem abgeschobenen Flüchtling und seinem ungeliebten Exil. ISBN: 978-3-00-035481-6, p. 171-174.
Kiffner C., Vor T., Hagedorn P., Niedrig M. & Rühe F. (2010) In: National Symposium on zoonoses research (Eds. National Research Platform for Zoonoses), p. 217. Poster presentation.
Kiffner C., Meyer B., Mühlenberg M. & Waltert M. (2010): In: Sustainable Conservation: Bridging the gap between disciplines. (Eds. B.-E. Saether & G. Rosenquist), p. 27. Poster presentation.
Waltert M., Meyer B. & Kiffner C. (2010): In: Sustainable Conservation: Bridging the gap between disciplines. (Eds. B.-E. Saether & G. Rosenquist), p. 16. Oral presentation by MW.
Kiffner C., Vor T., Hufert F.T., Dobler G. &Rühe F. (2009) In: National Symposium on zoonoses research (Eds. National Research Platform for Zoonoses), p. 85. Oral presentation by FR.
Rühe F., Vor T., Kiffner C., Niedrig M. & Hufert F.T. (2009) In: National Symposium on zoonoses research (Eds. National Research Platform for Zoonoses), p. 167. Poster presentation.
Kiffner C., Vor T. & Rühe F. (2009): In: X International Jena Symposium on tick-borne diseases (formerly IPS) - Prevention (Eds. J. Süss & O. Kahl), p. 36. Oral presentation.
Vor T., Kiffner C. & Rühe F. (2009): In: X International Jena Symposium on tick-borne diseases (formerly IPS) -Prevention (Eds. J. Süss & O. Kahl), p. 97. Poster presentation.
Kiffner C., Meyer B., Waltert M. & Mühlenberg M. (2006): In: 19th Annual Conference of the Society for Tropical Ecology (GTÖ) Connecting microbes, plants, animals and human impact (Eds. J. Berger, B. Büdel, M. Lakatos, S. Laube, B. Weber & R. Wirth), p.176. Poster presentation.
Kiffner C., Meyer B., Waltert M. & Mühlenberg M. (2005): In: The Fifth TAWIRI Annual Scientific Conference People and Wildlife: Promoting Conservation while balancing needs. (Eds.: J. Keyuu, E. Batamuzi, B. Mutayoba & D. Mpanuji), p. 25. Oral presentation.